What is a Herniated Disc? Symptoms & Early Diagnosis

Are you suffering from back pain or hip pain? If yes then it might be because of the Herniated disc problem. Let me describe this in detail.

What is a Herniated Disc?

It is also known as a ruptured or slipped disk. It occurs when the ‘jelly’ inside your spinal disk is plunge out because of the harder exterior of the disk. This condition will cause heavy pain and numbness. Many people who are suffering from herniated disk experienced acute pain symptoms. It will cause weakness because of which you can’t perform your regular task and you need to take a rest at that time.

Signs of a Herniated Disk

Mow, if you are suffering from Herniated Disk then how will you know that this is not regular back pain. You can easily identify by finding that, where the pain is. It can arise in any part of your spine, it is most common in the lower part of your backbone. This pain may spread from your back to your buttocks, thighs, and even to your calves.

It shows its worsen side when you’re highly active and gives you less effective when you’re resting. Even if you got coughing, sneezing, and sitting would be the symptoms because they put pressure on pinched nerves. Apart from all these factors, your age also plays an important role. As you get older, your disks tend to break down and lose their cushioning.


To know whether you have a herniated disk or not, you need to consult the doctor. He will examine your body with physical examination and find out the source of your pain. This is the only test that will say whether you need a diagnosis or not. But if your doctor thinks that you need further testing, then he can go for other testings such as,


Your x-ray can’t completely find out about your herniated disk, it will show the outline of your spine to the doctor and then he will find out whether the pain is caused due to fracture, tumor or herniated disk.


In this test, a dye was injected into your spinal fluid, and X-ray to locate the pressure on the spinal cord. Basically, this is used to identify the pressure.

CT Scan

It helps in conducting several scans of your body from different angles and provides you consolidated results by creating an image of your spinal cord.


This test uses radio waves, a magnetic field, and a computer so that it can create a brief 3D images of the spinal cord and nearby areas. MRI can easily locate the position of the herniated disc by looking into it and also provides you information about the nerves that got affected.

Electromyogram and nerve conduction studies (EMG/NCS)

This test is conducted by your doctor to identify the nerves are damaged or compressed. The EMG test uses a device to detect the tiny amount of electricity muscle cells make when they’re stimulated by nerves connected to them.

The NCS test is also done at the same time as the EMG. In NCS, the nerves are aroused with tiny electrical impulses by an electrode at one point of the body, while others detect the impulses at a different point. The doctor will understand whether the nerve is damaged or not by calculating the time it will take for the electrical impulses to travel between electrodes.


Treatments mainly modifying things for you so that you get less pain. Today, we are going to share with you some amazing treatment that will help you to treat herniated disk in just a few weeks and you will fit and fine to enjoy a pain-free life.


  • Over-the-counter pain medications

If you are in the middle stage of your pain or herniated disk then your doctor should recommend you acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve).

  • Cortisone injections

If you don’t get relief by oral medication then your doctor might recommend you go for a cortisone injection, which is injected into the portion that gives you pain.

  • Muscle relaxers

You can opt for this treatment if you are suffering from muscle spasms. Sedation and dizziness are common side effects.

  • Opioids

It is not recommended by many doctors, because of its side effects and addiction. If the above medication doesn’t give you relief then your doctor can recommend this medication treatment which includes codeine or an oxycodone-acetaminophen combination (Percocet, Roxicet). Sedation, nausea, confusion, and constipation


Your doctor might suggest some finest physical therapy so that you can recover fast. Your physical therapist will suggest some effective positions and exercises designed to minimize the pain of a herniated disk.


You might be needed surgery if medication and therapy won’t help you. Your doctor might suggest surgery. If applying all the treatment and still after six weeks, you suffer from the same symptoms then you have to take surgery as the last step to cure your problem.

If you find the following symptoms after six weeks then you need to go for surgery:

  • Poorly controlled pain
  • Numbness or weakness
  • Difficulty standing or walking
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control

In surgery, metal hardware is to be placed in the spine to provide spine stability.

Wrapping Up

We hope that above-discussed things will help you in living a happy and pain-free life. If you feel any pain then you immediately need to visit your doctor to get the best care. A herniated disk is a very serious problem if it is not cured on time. You need to go for surgery as we told you in the above-discussed treatments.

Read the symptoms paragraph properly and if you find any symptoms then consult North Shore Physical Therapy of New York  to get the finest outcomes.

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