Common Forms of Arthritis & Methods of Dealing With Them


Arthritis is a term that refers to over 100 different types of joints diseases that affect people world over. Although arthritis affects people of all ages; however, it won’t be wrong to say that it’s more common among those above 60.

Osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and psoriatic arthritis are some of the most common forms of arthritis. Besides, conditions like fibromyalgia and gout also affect joints.

But no matter which type of arthritis you have, it can affect your life tremendously, if you fail to seek the right treatment for it.

According to OSR Physical Therapy, “Arthritis is a debilitating disease for over 50 million Americans. The Centers for Disease Control has shown that 1 in 2 people will have knee arthritis by the time they are 85, and 1 in 4 will develop painful hip arthritis in their life. The good news is that you don’t have to live with arthritis pain or take constant medication. The right physical therapy can make all the difference.

Let’s take a brief look at some of the most common forms of arthritis.


Osteoarthritis, which is characterized by torn cartilage, is a chronic joint condition that’s related to aging. Osteoarthritis, which leads to enormous pain and discomfort occurs when cartilage, a protective tissue found in joints that keeps the end of the bones from rubbing together starts deteriorating either due to age or due to an injury.

Cartilage works as a cushion between the end of the bones; however, when it breaks down the friction between them increases leading to joint pain. Known as wear-and-tear arthritis, OA affects over 30-million people in the US; therefore, it’s essential to seek quick treatment to manage the pain that stems from this joint disease.

The complete loss of cartilage leads to unbearable pain because the bones in the joints come in direct contact with each other.

Other crucial causes of this condition include ligament injuries, dislocated joints, and obesity. Besides, poor posture and joint malformation also contribute to osteoarthritis. The worst part is that you can’t repair the damaged cartilage because of the absence of blood vessels in it.

The areas that it affects include knees, hips, spine, hands, and fingertips, etc.

When OA progresses to its last stage, patients experience symptoms like increased pain, inflammation, and swelling due to the high-friction between bones. People with OA also experience a decreased range of motion and joint instability.

 Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

Rheumatoid arthritis(RA), which is also one of the leading cause of joint pain, is a common form of arthritis. It’s a chronic joint disease that’s commonly known as an autoimmune disease. People with this condition experience joint pain all over their body.

Most of the symptoms of RA are similar to those of OA which include pain, stiffness, swelling, and joint dysfunction. These symptoms can vary from mild to severe based on the severity of the inflammation.

It’s a condition during which the immune system attacks the synovial membrane that consists of synovial fluid. The immune system thinks that synovial membrane is a danger for it; therefore, it starts attacking it.

So, if you are suffering from any form of arthritis, you should seek physical therapy to mitigate the pain.

Role of Physical Therapy In Subsiding Arthritis Pain

Physical therapy is one of the best ways of healing the pain that stems from joint diseases like arthritis. For quick results, make sure you consult a competent physical therapist, who has years of experience treating injuries and illnesses with physical therapy.

Your Therapist Will Identify The Exact Cause of The Pain

The reason most people prefer to consult a physical therapist nowadays is that they focus on addressing the primary cause of the problem with drug-free and surgery-free techniques.

During your very first meeting, your therapist will discuss the signs and symptoms of your condition in detail. So, if you want to them to create an effective care plan for your recovery, make sure you talk about signs and symptoms effectively.

If your therapist fails to get a comprehensive idea of your problem because of your inability to explain the symptoms effectively, then they won’t be able to design an accurate care plan for you, which will affect your recovery process. Therefore, it’s highly crucial to explain each and everything about your illness to your physical therapist, so that you can reap the advantages of a quality care plan.


Physical Therapy Will Increase Your Mobility

If arthritis has reduced your mobility, seeking physical therapy will make it possible for you to restore it quickly. Your therapist will include effective techniques to strengthen your joints, improve flexibility, and reduce pain.

Based on the severity of the joint inflammation, your therapist will use the most appropriate treatment to meet your needs. They may incorporate a wide range of stretches to improve your flexibility.

It Will Strengthens The Muscles Around Your Joints

Having strong muscles around your joints is utterly crucial for supporting them. Yes, one of the most significant ways of maintaining healthy knees, hips, and shoulder is to improve the muscles around them. And the exercise that your therapist asks you to do helps in boosting muscle strength.

Apart from seeking physical therapy, you can also make lifestyle changes to improve your condition; for example, if you are overweight, you should try to maintain a healthy weight to reduce the strain on your joints. Similarly, you should also embrace healthy food and start exercising daily to improve your flexibility.

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