Common Causes of Vertigo & Ways of Treating Them

Accompanied by symptoms like the feeling of uncontrollable spinning, and tilting, vertigo is an inner problem that affects a wide range of people in the US. While some people get a sudden feeling that their body is spinning, others feel that everything around them is spinning.

Common Causes of Vertigo

According to NCBI, “Dizziness, a common symptom that affects more than 90 million Americans, has been reported to be the most common complaint in patients 75 years of age or older.1 Dizziness, however, is a common term used to describe multiple sensations (vertigo, presyncope, disequilibrium), each having numerous etiologies. ”

Other significant symptoms of vertigo include hearing loss, headaches, sweating, feeling nauseated, and vomiting.

 Primary Causes of Vertigo

Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)

Paroxysmal positional vertigo, which is an inner ear problem, occurs when crystals of calcium enter your inner ear canals with the fluid.

In other words, your inner year has three semicircular canals, and when crystals of calcium enter them with the fluid, it leads to vertigo. The flow of fluid in these canals is accountable for helping your brain maintain your balance.

It also helps you recognize your position whether you are standing or lying down. The risk of BPPV increases with age.

Known as the most common peripheral vestibular disorder, BPPV affects a wide range of Americans. BPPV is common among women in their 40s and 50s.


Also known as Vestibular neuritis, labyrinthitis is a problem linked to infection which leads to inflammation in the inner ear. The inflammation that results from this problem affects the functioning of nerves that allow your body to sense balance.

Meniere’s Disease

Caused by fluctuations in pressure in the ear, Meniere’s disease is also an inner ear disorder that causes vertigo. It can also lead to hearing loss if you fail to seek the ideal treatment for it at the right time.

Head Injury

Sports and auto injuries can also cause vertigo if they happen to affect the nerves around the inner ear that are in a way accountable for maintaining your balance.

Neck Injuries

Cervical vertigo, which affects your sense of balance, can occur due to neck injuries or neck disorders.  You will feel a sensation of spinning around if you struggle with this problem.

Apart from that, vertigo can also occur due to brain problems and use of medications.

Here is how to treat vertigo

Since it’s a kind of problem that affects your balance and makes it difficult for you to live a normal life, it’s essential for you to seek the right treatment.   One of the best ways to treat Vertigo is physical therapy because it’s an approach during which the therapist tries to heal the problem without using any medication.

According to Libre Therapy Services in Homestead,FL, vestibular therapy helps in treating inner ear problems. Your therapist will conduct a detailed evaluation to determine how vertigo is affecting your balance and movement. They will evaluate factors such as reflexes, and balance before creating an individualized treatment plan to address your problem.

In most cases, vertigo patients get fast relief from specialized head movements- which help in removing crystals.

However, if you do not see any improvement in your condition from these head movements, then your physical therapist will use some other methods. For example, they include coordination and balance exercises in your treatment plan.

In the beginning, your therapist will teach you each exercise personally, and once you gain the confidence that you can perform those moves without anyone’s assistance, you can do them at home.

If you stick to those exercises, you will soon experience tremendous improvement in your condition. However, if you fail to follow the advice of your therapist, you might not see quick results.

Physical therapy aims at strengthening your vestibular system so that it can send those signals to your brain that help your body sense balance.

The reason most people prefer to treat vertigo with physical therapy is that it does not have any side effects on their body. And if you seek it at the right time, it eliminates the requirement of taking medicines or undergoing surgery.

The only case when you can’t avoid surgery for vertigo is when it occurs due to a tumor or a severe brain injury.  Otherwise, vestibular rehabilitation is the best treatment for it.

According to The New York Times, “…vertigo itself isn’t dangerous, the Baylor study found that patients who had it were more likely to fall, which can cause serious injuries, and were less able to handle daily activities like bathing and dressing.

So no matter how terrifying and irritating your problem is, a well trained physical therapist can address its symptoms quite fast. Yes, whether you are experiencing this problem due to paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), labyrinthitis, Meniere’s Disease, head injury, or a neck injury, consult a physical therapist to address it quickly.

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