Your oral health is an essential part of your overall health and for that you have to maintain the strong and healthy gums.\u00a0 There are certain habits that are great for the improvement of the gums and it starts and ends with brushing and flossing. So here an attempt is made to tell you all you need to know about the normal tissues and how to detect unhealthy gums so that you can take the right measures on time. How You Can Recognise Healthy Gums Healthy gum tissue has specific characteristics. Though it is true that the colour of the gum tissue can vary but it is mostly coral pink with a darker hue within the pigmentation. The pigmentation varies from one culture to another. The healthy gums feel natural and snug around the teeth as they are not inflamed. The shape of the gum tissue looks pyramidal or knife-edged and the gum tissue is formed in a curved line around the tooth. The normal gum tissue generally comes with a firm texture and may not have stippled appearance on the outer gum. This is typically like the outside of the orange. Last but not the least, there is no spontaneous bleeding with the healthy gums. Causes of Unhealthy Gums Bacterial plaque is the primary cause of gingivitis or periodontal gum disease. The gum tissue generally responds with inflammation to the bacterial plaque when there is an invasive amount of build-up against the gum line. When the bacterial plaque is removed the inflammation is done away with. The other factors leading to gum disease include stress, age, smoking or use of tobacco, genetics, obesity, medications, simply grinding or clenching the teeth mostly when you sleep and poor nutrition. There can also a relationship between the systemic diseases like that of heart disease, diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis and periodontal diseases. Signs and Symptoms of Gum Disease There are still signs and symptoms which you may notice that can indicate the early stages of gum disease. These are enlisted below. \tGums that recede from the teeth \tRed, inflamed or tender gums \tPermanent teeth that are separating or losing \tPus when pressing against the gums \tNoticeable change in the fit of your permanent dentures \tAny change to the natural bite \tBad breath Apart from the above, the irritated gums also bleed at the time of brushing and flossing. But you should not ditch them completely because of gum bleeding. On the contrary, you can change the way you brush in order to know which way of cleaning suits you. In order to retain the health of your gums you should go for brushing twice in the right way and flossing daily without skipping even for a day. Apart from that, you should also go for an appointment with your family dentist at least twice a year. You can also type in dental clinic near me in the internet to find a reputed dentist near your residence if you have any kind of emergency. You should never delay your appointment once you start witnessing any of the symptoms mentioned above. After all, the earlier your gums get treated the better it is for your to retain your oral health and flaunt your smile whenever you want.